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A person who can be hired by individuals or by groups, for undertaking investigatory law services is called a private detective or investigator. Private detective often works for attorneys for civil cases or work for insurance company for investigating suspicious claim. Private detective and investigator are used by the people generally for stealing, spying on their cheating spouse or enquiry for their business work & so on. A private detective must have sound health that means totally fit body, power to take instantaneous decision, power to make relation with people quickly and so on. Private investigators are usually known as PI or more often Private eye. Now -a-days, PI’s must have Govt. license. Generally, those people who are retired or being out of their jobs like military officer, police officer, bodyguard, law enforcement officer etc. When PIs work on criminal’s matter, most of them do not have any police power. They only have power of citizen’s arrest & detainment that any other citizen has. Growingly, most of the modern PIs prefer to known as “professional investigator” or “licensed private investigator (LPI)” rather than only “private investigator”.  In modern world, private investigator demands increasing day by day. “Le Bureau Des Renseignements Universels Pour le Commerce et I’lndustrie” (The Office of Universal Information for Commerce and Industry) was the first known detective agency founded by a criminal & privateer named Eugene Francois Vidocq, a French soldier in 1833. Official law enforcement agencies tried many times to shut it down. For unlawful imprisonment and taking money on false pretences, police arrested him in 1842 after he had solved an embezzlement case. Vidocq later noticed that it had been a set up. He sentenced for five years with 3000 franks. Vidocq credited for introducing record keeping, criminology and ballistics to criminal investigation by private detective and investigator. In the United Kingdom, Charles Frederick Field set up an investigation firm after his retirement from metropolitan police in 1852.Field became a friend of Charles dickens & latter wrote articles about him. Ignatius Paul Pollaky, a Hungarian, one of his employees left him and set up a rival agency in 1862. In U.S. A., Allan Pinkerton established the first private detective agency named “Pinkerton National Detective Agency “in 1850. Pinkerton became famous when he destroyed a plan to assassinate then president-elect Abraham Lincoln. Pinkerton’s agents services which ranged from undercover investigations to plant protection & armed security. Private detectives and investigators use many means to determine the cause and facts in different types of matters. Due to investigation success, they may use various types of surveillance or searches. For verifications of facts, they make phone calls or visit a subject’s workplace. They may take interview people, may check background of people’s for gathering information as much as possible for investigation success. PIs often work irregular hours because they need to conduct surveillance and contact people who are not available in normal working hours. Job can be stressful and dangerous when work involves confrontation. Detectives and investigators who carry handguns must be licensed by the appropriate authority. No formal education requirements for most private detective and investigator jobs. Most of the private investigators have previous experience in other occupations. Almost 80% investigators enter the field after serving in military, government intelligence, or law enforcement jobs. Others enter into this field from crime reporting, insurance, finance, and accounting & so on. PIs do also some related jobs. They often collect information and protect the property and other assets of companies. They may work as security guards, insurance claims examiners, and inspectors, bill collectors & law enforcement officers. There is stiff competition expected as the profession attract many qualified people, including relatively young retires from military & law enforcement.                                                                                             

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